Order of the Arrow
Ranger Award Core Requirements
Source: Ranger Guidebook 2001
- Subject to Change
- Wilderness Survival
(Before you begin wilderness survival, you must have completed the cooking, land navigation, and first aid core requirements.)
- Write a risk management plan for an upcoming crew high adventure activity such as a whitewater canoeing or rockclimbing trip. The plan should include nutrition, health, first aid, supervision, insurance, safety rules and regulations, proper equipment, maps and compass, in-service training, environmental considerations, emergency and evacuation procedures, and emergency contacts.
- From memory, list the survival priorities and explain your use of each in a survival situation.
- Learn about and then make a tabletop display or presentation for your crew, another crew, a Cub or Boy Scout group, or another youth group on the following subjects:
- Emergency signals used in the outdoors
- Search and rescue patterns
- Evacuation procedures and value of when to move and when not to move in a wilderness emergency
- Explain the following environmental exposure problems. Discuss what causes them, signs and symptoms, and treatment.
- Heat exhaustion
- Heat cramps
- Heat stroke
- Explain dehydration and the necessity of conserving fluids in a survival situation.
- Explain at least four methods of obtaining water in the outdoors and demonstrate at least two ways to purify that water.
- Demonstrate at least two different fire lays-one for cooking and one for warmth.
- Learn and discuss the use of fire starters, tinder, kindling, softwoods, and hardwoods in fire making.
- Explain and demonstrate how you can gain knowledge of weather patterns using VHF band radio and other radios, winds, barometric pressure, air masses and their movements, clouds, and other indicators.
- Explain the different rope materials and thicknesses that are best for wilderness use and how to care for them.
- Know the use of and demonstrate how to tie the following knots and lashings:
- Sheet bend
- Fisherman's knot
- Bowline on a bight
- Two half hitches
- Clove hitch
- Timber hitch
- Taut-line hitch
- Square lashing
- Shear lashing
- Explain the usefulness and drawbacks of obtaining food in the wilderness, including things to avoid.
- Prepare and eat at least one meal with food you have found in the outdoors.
- Make a list of items you would include in a wilderness survival kit and then make copies to hand out to visitors to your wilderness survival outpost camp.
- Using your list, make a wilderness survival kit. Explain the use of each item you have included.
- Set up a wilderness survival outpost camp and spend at least two nights and two days in your site.
- Use and demonstrate several knots and lashings from requirement (h) in your wilderness survival campsite demonstration.
- Know how to plan a wilderness shelter for three different environments and then build a shelter as part of your wilderness survival campsite demonstration.
- Have your crew, another crew, a Cub or Boy Scout group, or another youth group visit you in your outpost for a presentation you make on wilderness survival (at least one hour).